Josh Hazlewood and Pat Cummins wrecked the Indian batting line up in the first session, as the home side thumped the visitors by 8 wickets in the opening day and night Test at Adelaide on Saturday.
Resuming at 6/1, India lost nightwatchman Jasprit Bumrah to Cummins cheaply. Josh Hazlewood in his first over got into the act by claiming the wickets of vice captain Ajinkya Rahane and Mayank Agarwal.
Pat Cummins dealt a body blow by claiming the prize scalp of star batsman Virat Kohli for 4.
Wriddhiman Saha and Ravi Ashwin failed to get going as India were tottering at 26/8.
Mohammed Shami was hit by Pat Cummins on his bowling arm forcing the Indian pacer to retire hurt and thus bringing a premature end to the Indian innings at 36-9.
Hazlewood was Australia’s best bowler with figures of 5/8, while Cummins bagged 4 wickets.
This was India’s lowest ever Test score in their history, beating the previous record of 42 set back in the 1974 against England at Lords.
Chasing a target of 90, the Australians opening pair of Matthew Wade and Joe Burns started brilliantly by adding 70 runs for the opening stand, before the former was run out brilliantly by Saha for 33.
Marnus Labuschagne in an attempt to finish the game quickly was caught at mid on by Agarwal off Ravi Ashwin.
Burns finished the game with six and reached his half century in 63 balls, as Australia beat India and took a 1-0 lead in the four match series.
Tim Paine was declared the Player of the Match.
The second test between India and Australia will be played at the Melbourne Cricket Ground on 26 December.